Male Infertility

What Is Male Infertility ?

Male infertility refers to the inability of a male to achieve a pregnancy in a fertile female. In humans it accounts for 40-50% of infertility. Male infertility is commonly due to deficiencies in the semen, and semen quality is used as a surrogate measure of male fecundity.486x542
Male infertility is usually diagnosed by a semen analysis. The lab uses this sample to measure the amount of semen and the number of sperm, and to evaluate sperm shape and movement.
The good news is that most cases of male infertility can be resolved either by treating the problem or using fertility treatments.

 

Causes Of Male Infertility

Tobacco Smoking

Male smokers also have approximately 30% higher odds of infertility. There is increasing evidence that the harmful products of tobacco smoking kill sperm cells. Therefore, some governments require manufacturers to put warnings on packets. Smoking tobacco increases intake of cadmium, because the tobacco plant absorbs the metal.

DNA Damage

Common inherited variants in genes that encode enzymes employed in DNA mismatch repair are associated with increased risk of sperm DNA damage and male infertility. As men age there is a consistent decline in semen quality, and this decline appears to be due to DNA damage.

Testicular Factors

  1. Genetic defects on the Y chromosome
  2. Abnormal set of chromosomes
  3. Neoplasm, e.g. seminoma
  4. Idiopathic failure
  5. Cryptorchidism
  6. Varicocele
  7. Trauma

Male Infertility Treatments

Following are some of the most common causes of Male infertility.

Azoospermia

Azoospermia is the medical condition of a male not having any measurable level of sperm in his semen. It is associated with very low levels of fertility or even sterility, but many forms are amenable to medical treatment. In humans, azoospermia affects about 1% of the male population and may be seen in up to 20% of male infertility situations.

Ayurvadic Treatment: There is no satisfactory treatment of azoospermia in allopathic treatment system hence ayurvedic treatment is most preferred treatment for this condition. The treatment involves both medicinal treatment as well as panchkarma treatment for the same.

Ayurvedic Panchkarma therapies: A special panchkarma procedure known as Uttar basti is very helpful for this condition, Uttar basti should be given under the supervision of a trained ayurvedic doctor only.

Oligospermia

Oligozoospermia, refers to semen with a low concentration of sperm and is a common finding in male infertility. Often semen with a decreased sperm concentration may also show significant abnormalities in sperm morphology and motility (technically “oligoasthenoteratozoospermia.

In about 30 % of infertile men no causative factor is found for their decrease in sperm concentration or quality by common clinical, instrumental, or laboratory means, and the condition is termed “idiopathic” (unexplained).

Treatment: In Ayurveda, libido is directly dependent upon the amount of “Shukara Dhatu” in our body. Ayurveda believes the body to be made up of seven dhatus. Rasa, Rakata, Mansam, Medam, Aasti, Maaja, Shukaram. It is believed that the diet we take is acted upon by the digestive fire of our body and Aahar Rasam is formed from the useful part of our food while the waste is thrown out of our body as the stool.